It is expected to be years before cars that operate completely without human intervention are unleashed owing to lingering technological, regulatory, and safety hurdles. But as China challenges US tech dominance, Chinese players such as Baidu, Alibaba-backed AutoX and ride-sharing king DiDi Chuxing recently launched autonomous taxi pilot projects in cities around the country.
Similar efforts are under way in the US, and AutoX’s chief executive Xiao Jianxiong said the first fully-autonomous vehicles could be on the roads by the end of the year.
Robotaxis or delivery services are considered ideal for accumulating the driving time and huge data cache needed for cars to “learn” and become safe enough.
Chinese consumers — known for eagerly embracing e-commerce, online payments and other digital solutions — are lining up for a spin in DiDi Chuxing’s self-developed autonomous taxis at a Shanghai pilot project launched in June.
Underlining the work-in-progress nature of the concept, a DiDi staffer occupies the driver’s seat, ready to take the wheel if needed.
But Da Xuan, a 24-year-old social-media worker, leapt at a taste of the future.
“I heard companies like Uber or Tesla were doing autonomous driving, so I was curious what Chinese companies were doing, whether they can go into production, and if so, what will the (riding) experience be like,” she said.
“It was very smooth,” Da said, adding that she would feel safe in such a car.
Test subjects use DiDi’s mobile app to plot a ride through suburban roads in a Volvo fitted with a crown of tech hardware topped by a spinning radar device.
The vehicle confidently sets out, accelerating, braking, signalling and turning on its own in real traffic as a female voice calmly narrates: “Yielding for crosswalk.”
When a large truck abruptly swerved in front, DiDi’s AI driver smoothly applied the brake.
Like any student driver, however, it still needs practice. At one stop sign, it braked so abruptly that passengers lurched forward.
Any impromptu deviation from the plotted route still requires human intervention.
But Meng Xing, chief operating officer of DiDi’s autonomous driving company, said its AI system “is already smart enough to handle most of the situations”, and safety drivers almost never need to touch the steering wheel or brakes.
Tesla chief executive Elon Musk, known for his overly rosy predictions, raised eyebrows in July by saying the US electric carmaker could have a completely autonomous car ready this year, which analysts have dismissed.
Paul Lewis, who heads policy research at the Washington-based non-profit Eno Centre for Transportation, says that hopes are being “reset” as the pace of the technology’s development has been rather disappointing.
But Xiao of AutoX expects a “sizeable” deployment of the vehicles — without safety drivers — could take place in two to three years, with regulations and technology being the main obstacles.